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3 edition of Evaluation of dissociated and steam-reformed methanol as automotive engine fuels found in the catalog.

Evaluation of dissociated and steam-reformed methanol as automotive engine fuels

Thomas R Lalk

Evaluation of dissociated and steam-reformed methanol as automotive engine fuels

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Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Methane,
  • Automobiles -- United States -- Fuel systems

  • Edition Notes

    StatementThomas R. Lalk, David M. McCall, John M. McCanlies ; prepared for National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center for U.S. Department of Energy, Conservation and Solar Energy, Office of Transportation Program
    SeriesNASA CR -- 168242, NASA contractor report -- 168242
    ContributionsMcCall, David M, McCanlies, John M, Lewis Research Center, United States. Dept. of Energy. Office of Transportation Programs, Texas A & M University
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Pagination1 v.
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14927759M


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Evaluation of dissociated and steam-reformed methanol as automotive engine fuels by Thomas R Lalk Download PDF EPUB FB2

Engine dynamometer tests were conducted with a four cylinder, liter, spark ignition automotive engine to determine performance and emission characteristics operating on simulated dissociated and steam reformed methanol (2H2 + CO and 3H2 + CO2 respectively), and liquid methanol.

Results are presented for engine performance and emissions as. Get this from a library. Evaluation of Evaluation of dissociated and steam-reformed methanol as automotive engine fuels book and steam-reformed methanol as automotive engine fuels.

[Thomas R Lalk; David M McCall; John M McCanlies; Lewis Research Center.; United States. Department of Energy. Office of Transportation Programs.; Texas A & M University.].

Engine dynamometer tests were conducted with a four cylinder, liter, spark ignition automotive engine to determine performance and emission characteristics operating on simulated dissociated and steam reformed methanol (2H/sub 2/ + CO and 3H/sub 2/ + CO/sub 2/ respectively), and liquid methanol.

@article{osti_, title = {Near-cylinder dissociation of methanol for automotive application}, author = {Not Available}, abstractNote = {This report describes the design analyses and experimental evaluation toward developing a system of dissociating methanol for use in a spark-ignited passenger-car engine.

Maximum dissociation of methanol fuel attainable using exhaust-gas heat was the. Data from Evaluation of Methanol Dissociation Heat Exchanger* RUN 4 RUN 3 RUN 9 RUN 5 RUNS ENGINE OPERATION Speed, rpm Torque, ft-lb 30 30 30 30 40 Methanol/Cylinder, Ib/hr b Exhaust/Cylinder, Ib/hr C C Exhaust Temperature, °F DISSOCIATOR Insulatedd NO NO YES NO YES Methanol.

Reformed Methanol Fuel Cell (RMFC) or Indirect Methanol Fuel Cell (IMFC) systems are a subcategory of proton-exchange fuel cells where, the fuel, methanol (CH 3 OH), is reformed, before being fed into the fuel systems offer advantages over direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) systems including higher efficiency, smaller cell stacks, no water management, better operation at low.

Notably, fuel reforming through TCR allows convenient vehicle fueling with a liquid fuel, while the engine is fed by a gaseous H 2-rich reformate producedthe major issues related to H 2 use as an alternative fuel, such as fueling infrastructure and H 2 storage onboard a vehicle, are eliminated.

The challenge of onboard H 2-storage is directly related to the physical properties Cited by: Methods of using methanol as an engine fuel.

There are several ways to use methanol as an engine fuel: • In SI engines: Principally methanol is considered an SI engine fuel, due to its high autoignition resistance and also high heat of vaporization (see Section ).

Methanol can be used as a pure fuel or as a blend by: Research needs for alternative fuels constitute (a) refinement of processes for the manufacture of automotive fuels from coal and shale, (b) further evaluation of on-board vehicle reformed fuel processes, (c) evalua- tion of the most promising alternative fuels for various alternative engines, and (d) defining the safety, handling, and storage.

Energy analysis of ethanol steam reforming for hybrid electric vehicle. a g g e d P which could be steam-reformed from a liquid fuel, exhibited better lean burning behavior and produced lower. DYNAMIC RESPONSE OF STEAM-REFORMED, METHANOL-FUELED, POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL SYSTEMS H.

Geyer, R. Ahluwalia, R. Kumar Argonne National Laboratoty S. Cass Ave. Argonne, IL TEL FAX: ABSTRACT Analytic& models have been developed to study the dynamicCited by:   Latest News & Analysis Aerospace and Defense Automotive Building and Construction Consumer Electronics Energy and Natural Resources Environmental, Health and Safety Food and Beverage Life Sciences Maritime Materials and Chemicals Supply Chain AWS Welding Digest Sponsored.

Products. In fact, in many areas, a working methanol infrastructure exists already down to the consumer level, e.g. windshield washer fluid.

Methanol is naturally hydrogen dense (a hydrogen carrier) and can be steam reformed into hydrogen at lower temperatures compared to other hydrocarbon fuels. Synthesis Gas Production by Steam Reforming of Ethanol over M-Ni-Al Hydrotalcite-type Catalysts; M=Mg, Zn, Mo, Co Article (PDF Available) in Procedia Engineering – August Full text of "Hydrogen energy: A bibliography with abstracts.

Cumulative volume, - " See other formats. cover cover title: Petroleum Processing Handbook author: McKetta, John J. publisher: CRC Press. FUEL CELL Fuel Cell Handbook FUEL Fourth Edition CELL FUEL CELL November DOE/FETC/ by J.H. Hirschenhofer, D.B. Stauffer, R.R. Engleman, and M.G. Klett Parsons Corporation Reading, PA Under Contract No.

DE-ACMC for U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy Federal Energy Technology Center P.O. BoxCollins Ferry Road. renewable and alternative fuels (hydrogen, methanol, ethanol, natural gas, and other hydro-carbons).

With hydrogen as the on-board fuel, these would be zero-emission vehicles. With on-board fuels other than hydrogen, the fuel cell systems would use an appropriate fuel processor to.

Fuel Cell Handbook (Fifth Edition) By EG&G Services Parsons, Inc. Science Applications International Corporation Under Contract No.

DE-AMFT U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory P.O. Box. A major drive for this development is the need for clean, effi-cient cars, trucks, and buses that operate on conventional fuels (gasoline, diesel), as well as renewable and alternative fuels (hydrogen, methanol, ethanol, natural gas, and other hydro-carbons).

With hydrogen as the on-board fuel, these would be zero-emission vehicles. Staining in Microscopy - Stains and Techniques From Wikipedia - Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online for free.

This book is comprised of articles from Wikipedia as of Julybeginning with the "Staining" entry and including nearly all of the other articles it references dealing with (optical) microscopy stains.5/5(4).

77 FR - Airworthiness Directives; BRP-POWERTRAIN GMBH & CO KG Rotax Reciprocating Engines. Federal Register,   Evaluation of dissociated and steam-reformed methanol as automotive engine fuels.

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Lalk, T. R.; Mccall, D. M.; Mccanlies, J. Dissociated and steam reformed methanol were evaluated as automotive engine fuels. The appropriate steam reforming operating temperature for the studied fuels vary from low to high temperatures, being – C for methanol and up to – C for other fuels.

Furthermore, an economical evaluation of the steam reforming process of the mentioned fuels is performed. Shell Oil to open 10 additional methanol refueling stations in California, New Fuels Rep., December (). Methanol engine gets nod from U.S.

and California EPA, Chem. Marketing Reporter, August11 (). Southern California transit district to buy methanol buses, New Fuels Rep., November13 (). The book comprises chapters on advances in catalysis, chemistry and process for steam reforming and catalytic partial oxidation of gaseous and liquid fuels, and gasification of solid fuels for efficient production of hydrogen and syngas and their separation and purification methods, including water-gas-shift, pressure swing adsorption.

In this book, the problems associated with fossil fuel use are outlined, and how the adoption of alternative fuels can mitigate global warming. Other chapters cover biologically produced, solid, gaseous and liquid fuel production with their advantages and disadvantages.

decompose methanol, greater efficiency can be attained: 15% when methanol is steam reformed and 20% when it is dissociated (Yoon et al. The use of catalysts to enhance fuel-use efficiency presents opportunities of considerable is a research area that has been relatively neglected.

Mixed Alcohols The synthesis of higher alcohols from. A major drive for this development is the need for clean, effi- cient cars, trucks, and buses that operate on conventional fuels (gasoline, diesel), as well as renewable and alternative fuels (hydrogen, methanol, ethanol, natural gas, and other hydro- carbons).

With hydrogen as the on-board fuel, these would be zero-emission vehicles. renewable and alternative fuels (hydrogen, methanol, ethanol, natural gas, and other hydrocarbons). With hydrogen as the on-board fuel, these would be zero-emission vehicles.

With onboard. fuels other than hydrogen, the fuel cell systems would use an appropriate fuel processor to. Full text of "Fuel Cell Handbook (Seventh Edition)" See other formats. Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online.

Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuu’s. 1 Hydrogen as a Future Energy Carrier Edited by Andreas Züttel Andreas Borgschulte Louis Schlapbach.

2 Further Reading B. Elvers (Ed.) Handbook of Fuels Energy Sources for Transportation ISBN G. Olah, A. Goeppert, G. Prakash Beyond Oil and Gas: The Methanol Economy ISBN K. Sundmacher, A. Kienle, H. Pesch, J. Berndt, G. Huppmann (Eds.) Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells.

Energía solar fotovoltaica Energía solar fotovoltaica Energía solar fotovoltaica Energía solar fotovoltaica Energía solar fotovoltaica. Anthonissen and J. Wallace, Dissociated Methanol Engine Testing Results Using H2-CO Mixtures.

Proceedings of the 18th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Orlando, (SAE ), Florida, August A methanol-fueled PEFC A-class car unveiled by Daimler-Benz in has a km ( mile) range. Plans are to offer a commercial vehicle by A hydrogen-fueled (metal hydride for hydrogen storage), fuel cell/battery hybrid passenger car was built by Toyota infollowed in by a methanol-fueled car built on the same RAV4 platform.

This second edition of the book is warranted by the numerous changes the industry has undergone in a short time.

We discuss many new processes and improvements in many older ones. WHY THIS BOOK WAS WRITTEN AND HOW IT IS STRUCTURED The petrochemical industry provides well over 95% by tonnage of all organic chemicals.